How To Open A Zip File On Iphone

How to find downloads on iPhone and iPad [5 Tips] Just like we've showed in the first part, sometimes your iPhone won't tell you where your downloads saved. In your browser of your computer, visit the link given in the app; 7. Archives can contain multiple files within them. To extract the entire contents of the compressed folder, right-click the folder, click Extract All, and then follow the instructions. Tap the zip file. How to Unzip Files on iPhone and iPad: Make sure you have one of those zip apps on your iPhone or iPad. This file is the firmware image. Have the best iPhone manager ever. • Step 3: Transfer and Save Files from iPhone to computer After add songs, click "To PC" button to find files or file folders that you want to import to computer. How to open IPSW files. So if you're puzzled to get WMV played on your iPhone, just try to download Wondershare UniConverter to free yourself. pkg are designed for the applications installed in MAC. Download a file Download a file to a different app. Locate the zip file on your iPhone/iPad. The file manager, by default, displays hidden files because it does not follow Windows Explorer's policies. Swipe down to category managing page > Click on Books. Enables easy file or folder share, move, delete, download, rename, unzip, zip and encrypt within or between cloud services. Tap "Open in Files" to do so. For example, WinZIP, iZip Pro, Zip Viewer. Now you should have data folder and data. Open your start Menu. The mimetype file must be a text document in ASCII that contains the string application/epub+zip. Tap the ZIP file and then tap the "Open in iZip" button. But I can open word and can open Skydrive. ** Please do not contact me asking for keys. Tap on: Open in "files". Open iTunes through the icon on your desktop or start menu, select "File" and "Add Folder to Library" on the top menu of iTunes. Open StuffIt X and ZIP archive attachments from Expander or the Files App. To test the. Choose either option you want. Use the ZIP Extractor utility to unzip a file on Google Drive when you have Chrome. Step 1 Open Outlook on your computer (here take Outlook 2010 as an example), from the File menu. For example, you can convert a PDF which has 55 pages into a set of 55 images, and you'll get a zipped file which contains all those files. Access Files Anywhere. Step 3: On the "Uploads Tab", select the "+" sign on the top left corner of your screen. Once the scan has finished, you should see that all of the data files in your iPhone backup folder have been categorized into separate files. 1) Open the app which has your rar file. It's at the bottom of the screen. You will open for you the ways how to open zip files on iPhone. How to Open Zip Files & Extract Archives on the iPhone & iPad. Browse your computer or external media to find the backup file you want to restore. Enables easy file or folder share, move, delete, download, rename, unzip, zip and encrypt within or between cloud services. Find your files on any device or computer using Google Drive, and see your photos in Google Photos. Download files from Google Drive using a computer or an Android device. But advanced users prefer to install iOS updates using the IPSW firmware files that are available to download via the developer console or iTunes (if you know the trick). For example, let’s open up the “Yearly expenses” workbook, also present in the E drive, but this time, we will not define the file extension. However you can download the. When you will get the. If you drag multiple files from the Files app to the Mail app, it will be converted into a zip automatically. Alternatively, tap and hold the ZIP file then select Uncompress from the menu. How to send ZIP files to Apple's Notes app on iPhone and iPad. If you need us, we’re here to help! Our email & chat support team are available 24/7 so there is always someone there to help. ) Type run into the search box, and select the Run program at the top of the results. 002 and Book. When you received email attachment in ZIP or RAR format on iPhone/iPad, you need to use a professional file manager app in order to open and view Zip and RAR files. Local iPhone Files. Tick Always use the selected program and click OK. WInZip, a popular Windows app, has come to iOS, allowing users to easily open ZIP files and view its contents on the go. when i tried to open it, it didn't work. This wikiHow teaches you how to extract a ZIP folder's contents without using WinZip or any other similarly paid program. At this point, you have everything you need to convert the files into a skin file you can start using in GBA4iOS! Now, the last thing to do is to actually import it into GBA4iOS, which thankfully is the easiest part. Select the ones you want to delete and click "Start Scan" button. There will be a text field and a number field. On an iPhone, there is no such folder, and saving files from Safari is almost impossible unless you're jailbroken. Step 3: Save the SVG File to Files on your iPhone or iPad. Tap "Open in Files" to do so. See related science and technology articles, photos, slideshows and videos. Welcome to gsm-forum, here you find all infos about android, windows mobiles, iphones, flashing, repair, unlocking, root, development software, firmwares. Open Zip Files on iPhone or iPad 1. iZip - UnZip and View Zip Files. How to create and open compressed files on iPhone, iPad Many enterprises rely on zip files to exchange data, particularly confidential data. Locate the Binary Distributions area; in the Core list click on the zip file corresponding to your Windows version. Now, tap on Open In from the options and select the appropriate app to open and extract the contents of the zip file. 1 App for ZIP/RAR file management on iPhone/iPad! Most secure and fast Zip utility for business and professional users. it is used so that the file won't be as large. Open a sample encrypted PDF file. If you choose PDF Creator, check the box next to Associate. That’s all, you will get your large file divided into small pieces of specified size. There are different ways to transfer files from PC to iPhone. If you drag multiple files from the Files app to the Mail app, it will be converted into a zip automatically. When I click a zip file all the options are grayed out. It's completely open source; the source code is released under the terms of the GNU GPL v3. I chose GoodReader because I know for certain that it in fact reads and opens zip files either from a web site or from. The Quicken backup file has the extension. Click on the "Open" button and then select the zip file that you intend to get access to. See more about how to export, save and print Facebook messages. zip file extension to the desktop. Now click OK on the next window and it will start extracting the contents on. As mentioned above, I have found that the most helpful aspect of zipping files or folders in Windows 7 is for email purposes. In practice, however, the iPhone can only handle the zip archives that contain only PDF files. i connected it to my laptop and it switched on but the only thing i saw was a black light on the screen without the apple on it. Tap “Preview Content” to see the contents of the zip file. 1 firmware for your drvice from flexiburn (goggle it) if its an zip file you must rename with the extendion. Many file compressors are focused on compressing PDF files and that is their top or the only feature. Some people may zip files into one RAR or ZIP file for easier transfer and management. This wikiHow teaches you how to open and extract a ZIP folder on your computer, smartphone, or tablet. Double-click the. it is used so that the file won't be as large. libimobiledevice is a software library that talks the protocols to support iPhone, iPod Touch, iPad and Apple TV devices running iOS on Linux without the need for jailbreaking. Part 1 of 2 - How to Unzip a folder, extract music files into iTunes and load them onto an iPod. First go get GoodReader or one of the many other file reading apps in the app store. and either open the. Full guide for how to open RAR files on Windows 10, Mac, iPhone, Android for free. By default, the iPad can't open compressed zip files; but we are going to show you how to save the day and open a zip file with your iPad. One such app is called Compress PDF, developed by Cometdocs. iOS File Manager is the best free file browser and file manager app for iPhone & iPod touch users to manage files as using Windows Explorer, play music, watch videos, open documents, view images, encrypt folders, easily search and share files and more. * The ZIP file can come from your computer or from Google Drive. - You can easily create a zip from the files you selected. Access Files Anywhere. Opening pkpass files on iPhone or iPad. * You can choose which files in the ZIP file to extract. However, there are ad-supported free apps such as Zip & RAR File Extractor Free that let you open compressed files. How to download and Open Zip Files on iPhone/iPad If you’re a user of iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch that is running on an up to date version of iOS (iOS 4. iZip is a ZIP file management tool on iPhone and iPad. iPhone users can easily import. Whether you receive a Zip, Zipx, 7z, RAR or LHA file as an email attachment, or want to extract and view the contents of a Zip, Zipx, 7z, RAR or LHA file from the web, just "Open with WinZip". How to send ZIP files to Apple’s Notes app on iPhone and iPad. iPhone (or iPad) Testing - Installing applications with a Zip file After we finish developing an App for you, we want you to test it, before we submit it to the App store. This wikiHow teaches you how to view the contents of a zip file on an iPhone or iPad using the Files app, as well as how to extract those contents using iZip. In iOS 6, you had to open the zip file using the “Open in” functionality, and using apps such as Winzip etc, which allow you to open zip files. Talking about how to transfer files from computer to iPhone, iTunes is a common choice. You’ll be able to see a list of all folders and files within the zip. Home > AnyTrans for iOS > iPhone Transfer > How to Transfer MP3 to iPhone with/without iTunes “I want to download some mp3 files to my iPhone 7 Plus from anywhere I could reach, such as my MacBook Pro, iPod or an old android phone. XML is a file type that can cause a lot of compatibility issues when you are working on multiple operating systems. Local iPhone Files. iPhone Backup: Backup iPhone to Computer --Monday, October 23, 2017 I am sure that most of you have suffered a lot from the regret of forgetting backing up your iPhone 8/7/SE/6s/6/5s after losing precious data, so do I. All you need to do is to download the iCloud bypass activation lock tool and follow the step by step guide. We are going to explain how to install APK files on an Android device. Now you should be able to see the file extension: Right-click the file name and select Rename (or left-click and hold down the button for one second). If I click Send to Compressed (Zip ) folder it makes another copy in the same folder. How to do that? I'm having itunes account and itunes software. The good news is that there is hope because, with the iMyFone TunesMate app, windows user can read HEIC files on their computer as a thumbnail. Many times, we need to carry our important files from iPhone and in such scenario, the transferring of files from PC to iPhone X/8/7/6S/6 (Plus) comes to use. Tick the item you want and save it on your computer as an HTML file. iPhone Basics: How To Put iPhone In Recovery Mode. How To Convert iPhone Apps to IPA files (. Tap the ZIP file to automatically extract its contents. zip extension and open the. iFiles a pair of is essentially a file manager app that has inbuilt zip/unzip file gap options. After all these steps, now you can manually remove a password from an Excel file. Check how to extract RAR files with WinZip/WinRAR with detailed steps. Open source, safe and clean. This tool remove the current iCloud account that is stored on your device, and activate any iPhone functions (wifi, calls, apps, and much more). You can also save zip files to the Files app from other applications. Here's how to handle zip files on your iPad and iPhone. Some people may zip files into one RAR or ZIP file for easier transfer and management. The following steps will allow you to encrypt files with Open PGP: Get your trading partner’s public key to encrypt the file. ES File Explorer. In iOS 6, you had to open the zip file using the "Open in" functionality, and using apps such as Winzip etc, which allow you to open zip files. In iPhone Explorer window you will be able to inspect a bunch o files. Acrobat shows you the editing tools you’ll need. For example, text files (text-x-generic), ZIP files ( package-x-generic), and every other filetype with a supporting PNG in the icons/ directory is usable. Whitson Gordon. But I can open word and can open Skydrive. zip file that you want to unzip (uncompress), and click on "Extract All" in context menu. Open the Contacts Backup app and turn on the corresponding switch to “Backup contacts from:” either “Hotmail” or “Google”; 4. Select your desired device and click on user application. When you get a Mail message with a. VBScript has been installed by default in every desktop release of Microsoft Windows since Windows 98. AirPrint allows you to print your documents, photos, emails and web-pages over a Wifi connection with your iDevice with iOS 4. Unpack downloaded zip into target folder on your computer. Open the resulting Folder and you will find data. Delete all photos from the folder. Step 2; Upload the application and its provisioning profile. Open iTunes player. Click the “Extract” button to export the file in the format you want (IPSW, in this case) Select the desired location you want to save the file. Way 1: How to Use IPSW File to Restore iPhone iPad with iTunes (Dass Loss) Step 1. If you want this to stay on your iPhone you'll need to have the page written in html5 and have a properly setup CACHE MANIFEST. Compress photos and videos. That’s all, you will get your large file divided into small pieces of specified size. Open the new zip folder and double-click ASIOProxyInstall. Tap “Download”; 6. You have several choices—iCloud Drive, your iPhone itself, or a third-party service like Dropbox. Until Apple announced the Files app for iOS devices, the file handling sector was one of the most difficult parts for iPhone users. The Developer. zip extension and open the. zip file to internal storage sdcard/LINE_Backup Start Line, open an existing chat or start a new chat with the person whose chat history you want to restore Tap the drop-down arrow in the upper right, Chat Settings, and look what just showed up below the (formerly) useless Backup Chat History option. The zip app will automatically unzip the files and release everything inside. 0 Zapya is the fastest tool for cross-platform transferring without data cost. Navigate to the zip file and press and hold on it to select it. We can adopt the process of transfer of files from PC to iPhone through Wi-Fi, or through iTunes or even through google drive. iPhone Basics: How To Put iPhone In Recovery Mode. Select Playback. Now you can see the file in the system. If you need us, we’re here to help! Our email & chat support team are available 24/7 so there is always someone there to help. With iFiles a pair of, you'll simply produce archive files and unzip several common archive formats as well as ZIP, RAR, 7-ZIP, GZIP, BZIP2 and TAR. Here take books for example. AT&T has great phone deals like BOGO (buy one get one free) and AT&T Visa Reward Cards with purchase. To open ipsw archive, rename IPSW file extension to ZIP. Or click "File" > "Devices" > "Restore from Back up"; Or choose the "Summary" tab in iTunes, then click the "Restore" button. When you download a zip file in Safari, your iPhone or iPad will offer to open it in the Files app. This offers you a list of zip-file-compatible apps; you can then choose which one you prefer by tapping it. Tap the SVG file (do NOT tap the ZIP file—it will give you an error). Open Device Summary for the iOS device you are updating. It's completely open source; the source code is released under the terms of the GNU GPL v3. Tap "Open in Files" to do so. Select archive format. Maybe some of you have met this problem: deleted the important files by accident. 1) Open the app which has your rar file. Tap More > Zip. How to Open Apple Pages Documents on a Windows 10 PC Simply change the extension of the file to. Shipments going to AK and HI will be shipped Two-Day service regardless of selected shipping. Choose either option you want. iOS 11 Files app brings basic file management to the iPhone and iPad. Copy your chatHistory. also Files app allows you to move zip files from Mac or Desktop to iPhone and iPad. Find the option for settings and preferences and make sure you make that the default application for opening. ZIP file format is defined in RFC 1951. we are happy to help you, submit this Form, if your solution is not covered in this article. WinZip - Open Zip Files on iOS device. a zip file is a compressed file. zip file and extract. When you want to join them, simply extract the archive using the main zip file and it will automatically join all chunks. 2) Tap a ZIP link to prompt Safari to download. Open the compressed file by clicking File > Open. iUnlock released: the first free, open source iPhone SIM unlock software. iPhone X: How To Download And Open Zip Files Posted by Desmond Andrada on January 10, 2018 In some cases, the files that have been downloaded directly on the iPhone X are in a. , Firmware-14. You can also create a page break anywhere in the text file. Locate the Binary Distributions area; in the Core list click on the zip file corresponding to your Windows version. g ZIP or RAR. But sharing via email worked perfectly. Open a sample encrypted PDF file. How to Open Microsoft Word, Excel and PowerPoint Documents on iPad and iPhone:. After downloading this transfer, you should see the following option in your browser if this is a zip file. Way 1: How to Use IPSW File to Restore iPhone iPad with iTunes (Dass Loss) Step 1. Most users update their iPhone and iPad devices via over-the-air directly from their device or using iTunes on their Windows or Mac computers. You can rename. libimobiledevice is a software library that talks the protocols to support iPhone, iPod Touch, iPad and Apple TV devices running iOS on Linux without the need for jailbreaking. Simple: use Appmakr's iPhone app maker! Create your own iPhone mobile app without touching a single line of code, even upload your app directly to the Apple iTunes App Store, easy peasy. ), you can't preview them — when you tap on the files, they will open in their respective parent app instead. How to quickly extract zip files on your iPhone Submitted by Jon Reed on January 13, 2019 - 6:47am If you have ever received a zipped or compressed archive as an email attachment and tried to open it on your iPhone, you've seen that you can view the contents but can't edit the individual files, or share them individually. IPSW Files Installation Tools-iOS System Recovery. On Add to Archive, Name the archive file. How to Recover Deleted Files on iPad. Tap Browse Files. Here's how to do it. By using this library, you can easily covert a plain text file to a PDF format file. RAR files can usually compress content 8-30% better than ZIP files. Tap the ZIP file and then tap the "Open in iZip" button. Basically, iPhone Recovery Mode is a facility that your iPhone has, which allows you to restore a damaged iOS. The Alternative Way to Find Your Saves Folder on Windows: If you don't want to load up the minecraft client, then you can use this faster method to find your saves folder: 1. RARs and ZIPs are examples of types of files called "archives. Or you might have zip files in your Dropbox/iCloud Drive folder. Numerous additional steps. You’ll be able to see a list of all folders and files within the zip. Open Files: When you download any file from the internet, you have the ability to use iFile to open those files. If you want to selectively back up the files on the iPhone, go to the corresponding file types via the navigation on the left sidebar, select or highlight the files you want to backup and click “Export to” to back up your iPhone files to either computer or iTunes Library. Another scenario would be if someone sent you a collection of files and you wanted to add your own to it as well. Click here to download AnyTrans and then follow the steps below to transfer files from flash drive to your device. It also allows you to make any file public so that you can share it with your friends. In "Extract Compressed (Zipped) Folders" dialog, enter or browse folder path where you want files to be extracted. You will now be able to search for the file location in the My files folder of your device. Step 1 Open Outlook on your computer (here take Outlook 2010 as an example), from the File menu. Hi, Can't open my Excel file in my iPhone 4s (IOS 6) or IPad 1 (IOS4) through Skydrive or CloudOn app's. How to zip a file in ChromeOS. While you can open a ZIP folder on virtually any platform, extracting (or "unzipping") the folder in order to use the files inside requires a few extra steps; luckily, both Windows and Mac computers have free, built-in software that can extract files, and iPhone and Android. If you have downloaded a ZIP file, you need to open the ZIP file and. Extract Archive, Unzip or. How to change the default program a file opens with in Windows XP When you double-click on a file in Windows XP, the operating system will automatically open the file using a program that has been. Alternatively, you can also open a ZIP file that you have received by email, for instance. zip file extension to the desktop. From there, all you have to do is select your files and use either the Send To menu or the Ribbon. If we have a document called “letter. Open 7-Zip application on your PC. Hey man, thanks for the response. 3 Select Password Recovery Mode. Your recipient will simply receive the single, zipped file, which they can then unzip on their own computer to see all of the files. Download and open files from Dropbox, Google Drive, iCloud, Box and FTP all in one app. ES File Explorer. When you download a zip file in Safari, your iPhone or iPad will offer to open it in the Files app. The tabs show name, modification time, original and compressed sizes, attributes, and comments (4DOS descript. How to open zip files on iPhone and iPad pro. StuffIt Expander allows you to open StuffIt X and ZIP archives on your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch. So this whole tutorial started after I received several questions from our Etsy shop, GEEKINESS - about. With iFiles a pair of, you'll simply produce archive files and unzip several common archive formats as well as ZIP, RAR, 7-ZIP, GZIP, BZIP2 and TAR. These files work as containers (like ZIP) to hold the various pieces of data that make up an iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch app; like for games, utilities, weather, social networking, news, and other apps. How to store iCloud files locally in GoodNotes ? How to transfer GoodNotes data to a new device?. For example, text files (text-x-generic), ZIP files ( package-x-generic), and every other filetype with a supporting PNG in the icons/ directory is usable. How to zip and unzip files on iOS. pdf" directory; and the input text file under the "TextPdfSample\temp\TextFile. For the purposes of this tutorial, I’m saving to iCloud Drive. iUnlock released: the first free, open source iPhone SIM unlock software. The backup file can be later restored from the same place (File->Restore). I chose GoodReader because I know for certain that it in fact reads and opens zip files either from a web site or from. acsm file and you tried to open it in, for example, Adobe Reader or Adobe Acrobat, you might have checked the little box that says “Always open files of this type in this program”. We can adopt the process of transfer of files from PC to iPhone through Wi-Fi, or through iTunes or even through google drive. FileApp will let you use your iPhone or iPad as a document browser just like Windows Explorer or the Finder on the Mac. At this point, you have everything you need to convert the files into a skin file you can start using in GBA4iOS! Now, the last thing to do is to actually import it into GBA4iOS, which thankfully is the easiest part. Without further ado – follow the direct instructions on how you could quickly fill up all of your storage space with all the latest (or just any) music you love. 0 Is the latest version for Windows and 1. Files app will let you open and preview the contents in the Files app. zip for free. iFunBox is the best free apps, games & content manager for iOS devices with many more extra featres than iTunes. iPhone to iTunes Transfer: This iPhone to PC transfer utility can transfer iPhone music files, video files and playlists to iTunes easily. Change the extension. It is developed by Igor Pavlov. Open the Terminal or command prompt. iFiles a pair of is essentially a file manager app that has inbuilt zip/unzip file gap options. i switched off my iphone 4s for a while. Note: your iPhone has to be on for the file to transfer! If you are downloading a theme that is in a zip file…you will have to open the zip file and then create a folder on your computer that is the same name as the theme you are trying to download. How can I install a. How to Transfer Files from Flash Drive or USB to iPhone iPad. iZip is a ZIP file management tool on iPhone and iPad. Many file compressors are focused on compressing PDF files and that is their top or the only feature. zip file in Documents, or copy the. For this example we will use switch. * You can choose which files in the ZIP file to extract. 2, you can install a new IPSW file on that iPhone to upgrade it from iOS 7 to iOS 8. This tool remove the current iCloud account that is stored on your device, and activate any iPhone functions (wifi, calls, apps, and much more). it is used so that the file won't be as large. PLIST and a file without an extension but with a version number in the name, e. Now check the following steps to learn how to transfer files from iPhone like iPhone 4 to USB flash drive. You can rename. RecBoot now recognizes the device is in recovery mode, but selecting to kick it out of recovery mode results in the command prompt saying “recovery_connect_callback recovery_disconnect_callback” over and over while the iPhone keeps restarting into recovery mode. Login to the Untangle Server, download the client config file by selecting "client's configuration zip for other OSs". Connect the iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch to the computer with its USB cable, Step 3. Re-export the file in a format of a word-friendly document. With a utility app installed on both computer and iPhone, you don't have to navigate to different places on the PC or Web to access your iPhone files. To reduce the size of the file is compressed ZIP. On an Android device, you can download almost any file type into a neat and tidy "Downloads" folder, and those files can then be accessed with an appropriate app, shared via email, or transferred over to your computer. The Movavi software supports most popular video formats, so you can easily convert AVI, MP4, and almost any other video file to the iPhone format. Open the Terminal or command prompt. you use it by double-clicking it and choosing the target folder where it would place the contents of the zip file. You can also select the specific file type to add content to your iDevice. Again, you can open up and view files with a tap of the screen (common file types can be viewed from within the app) and again you can pay an in-app fee if you want to integrate iZip with third. Here, you can see 5 best zip unzip rar archive extractor apps for iPhone and iPad. If you don’t have it already, download ES File Explorer, there’s a link for it below. iFunBox is the best free apps, games & content manager for iOS devices with many more extra featres than iTunes. You just have to select the iPhone backup files which correspond to your device (usually labeled with you name) and then hit the START SCAN function. Get help if you can't find it. How do you open MP4 files on Windows? iPhone 6s and 6s Plus rumours: all you need to know. How to Unzip files on Android phones? Do you want to open zip files on Android? Sometimes you may receive zip files or RAR files through email or an IM app such as WeChat, Skype, WhatsApp, in this case, you can also use the ES file manager to open zip files or read zip files on Android mobile. In our findings, sharing via iMessage doesn’t allow the recipient to open the file. 4 Ways to Open pkpass Files on iPhone 11, Android, PC and Mac Many times you might have received the pkpass format files on your computer via email or another way of data transmission. To reduce the size of the file is compressed ZIP. However, if you find yourself unable to open the file, you can find numerous ZIP file decompression utilities online. Use the ZIP Extractor utility to unzip a file on Google Drive when you have Chrome. Start iTunes, then drag and drop the converted file to the iTunes Music Library for syncing to iPod for playing. Along with the ability to organize documents, there’s also limited support for zip files. Download whatsapp. zip file to a computer then synch the mp3 from the computer to iTunes. Browse files on iPad. Step 2: From the top tabs, choose the file type that you need to transfer. ) On Creative Market, log into your account and download the product files from the product page. by Jay Freeman (saurik) “the alternative to apps” iFile. Here’s how to do that. ) Google Earth: If you want to generate a KML or KMZ file for Google Earth, use the Google Earth mapping form. In "Extract Compressed (Zipped) Folders" dialog, enter or browse folder path where you want files to be extracted. 2 installed on it. Select all the files you’d like to include by holding down the Shift key and clicking them one at a time. 10 MxSpy is the best spying app for mobile that works well on Android, iOS, Symbian. By default, the iPad can't open compressed zip files; but we are going to show you how to save the day and open a zip file with your iPad. How to use your iPhone as a removable hard drive. I chose GoodReader because I know for certain that it in fact reads and opens zip files either from a web site or from.